abbreviations and acronyms

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BoneSmart

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A

AAOS
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
ABD abduction: moving towards the center line of the body
ACI Autologous chondrocyte implantation
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament (knee)
ACT Acceptance and commitment Therapy
ADD adduction: moving away from the center line of the body
APAP acetaminophen/Tylenol/paracetamol
ARMD Adverse reaction to metal debris
AVN avascular necrosis

B

BIOPLASTY
use of stem cells
BHR Birmingham Hip Resurfacing
BMI body mass index
BTHR bilateral hip replacement
BTKR bilateral knee replacement

C

CACP
camptodactyly arthropathy coxa vara pericarditis syndrome (juvenile idiopathic arthritis)
CBT Cognitive behavior therapist (or therapy)
CCK constrained condylar knee implant
CD core decompression
CFT Compassion focused therapy
CKD chronic kidney disease
CME consultant medical examination (US)
CoC ceramic on ceramic (hips)
CPM continuous passive movement (machine)
CPT Cognitive processing therapy
CRP c-reactive protein blood test
CRPS complex regional pain syndrome
CST Cognitive stimulations therapy
CTA Computed tomography angiography (CT scan with the contrast)

D

DDD
degenerative disc disease
DKA Diabetic ketoacidosis
DHS Dynamic hip screw

E

eGFR
estimated glomerular filtration rate
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ER external rotation


F

FAI
femoro-acetabular impingement
FDA Food and Drug Administration (USA only)
FMLA Family and Medical Leave Act
FVFG free vascularized fibular graft (see core decompression)
fx fracture

G

GA
general anesthetic
GP general practitioner (primary physician)

H

HMO
Health Maintenance Organization
HR hip resurfacing

I

I&D
incision and drainage (of an abscess)
IME Independent medical examination (US)
IR internal rotation
ITB ilio-tibial band

J

JAAOS
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
JAS joint active systems (splint)
JBJS Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

K

L

LLD
leg length differential
LR lateral release


M

MRT
magnetic resonance tomography
mensch (Yiddish) means "a person of integrity and honor"
MLD manual lymph drainage
MoM metal on metal (hips)
MoMHA metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties
MPFL Medial patelloFemoral ligament
MRI magnetizing resonance scan
MUA manipulation under anesthetic

N

NCS
Nerve conduction study
NJR National Joint Registry (UK)
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

O

OATS
Osteoarticular transfer system also known as mosaicplasty
OCD Osteoarticular transfer system also known as mosaicplasty
ODIC (a BoneSmart special!) over did it club
OP original poster
OR operating room US - or in the UK THEATRE
ORIF
Open reduction internal fixation (of a fracture)
OS orthopedic surgeon
Osteopaenia a condition in which bone mineral density is lower than normal
OT occupational therapist

P

PA
physician's assistant - a nationally certified and state-licensed medical professional. PAs practice medicine on healthcare teams with physicians and other providers. They practice and prescribe medication in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and all U.S. territories, with the exception of Puerto Rico.
PAO Periacetabular osteotomy
PCP primary care physician
PCL posterior cruciate ligament (knee)
PFPS patello-femoral pain syndrome
Physio physiotherapy/physiotherapist
PICC line peripherally inserted central catheter
PKR partial (or unicondylar) knee replacement
PMR Polymyalgia rheumatica
POP Plaster of Paris
PPI periprosthetic infection
PPO Preferred Provider Organization
PT physical therapy/physical therapist

Q

R

RFA
Radio frequency ablation
ROM range of movement
- see also flexion
- see also extension
RSD
reflex sympathetic dystrophy

S

SLAP injury
Superior Labrum, Anterior and Posterior (ligaments, injury and/or repair)
SPONK SPontaneous OsteoNecrosis of the Knee
SSRI serotonin specific re-uptake inhibitor
SUFE/SCFE slipped upper or capital femoral epiphysis
STD short term disability (also sexually transmitted disease!)
SX surgery

T

TB
trochanteric bursitis
TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator
THEATRE operating room in the UK
THR total hip replacement
TJR total joint replacement
TKR total knee replacement
TSR total shoulder replacement
TTT tibial tubercle transfer

U

UK
United Kingdom
Unicondylar knee also partial or PKR
US ultrasound scan
US United States

V

VMO
vastus medialis oblique (a muscle in the front of the thigh)

WYSIWYG What you see is what you get

XYZ
 
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